Female infertility

About 15% of married couples have difficulty in creating offspring. Female infertility (infertility) accounts for 45% of infertility in married couples, 45% due to male factors, and 10% for unknown reasons.
The most common causes of female infertility are:

  1. Ovarial factors:

Disorders of normal ovulation anovulation (absence of ovulation) or oligovuilation (rare ovulation) as a result of the PCS syndrome, premature ovarian failure, endocrine disorders-high levels of prolactin or thyroid hormones.

  1. Endometriosis:

    Disease in which the cells that build the lining of the uterus are nested out of it (ovary, abdominal cavity, scars from previous operations, cervix, vagina). Symptoms are chronic pain in the lower abdomen and infertility. The diagnosis is confirmed laparoscopic and histopathological.

  2. Uterine factors:

    Structural abnormalities of the uterus are a common cause of conceiving difficulties, as well as abortions in early pregnancy.
    These include the myoma of the uterus, which, depending on the size, can deform the cavity itself and thus interfere with the embedding of the fertilized egg.
    Anatomical anomalies of the uterus - like unicorn, uterine uterus, the presence of septum in the cavity of the uterus are also a common cause of female infertility or loss of pregnancy in the early period.

  3. Tubarine Factors:

    Impotence of the fallopian tubes as a result of previous infection (adnexitis, salpingitis, hydrosalpyxin), operative involvement, endometriosis. This leads to the inability of the sperm to reach the fallopian tubes and fertilize the ripe egg. Appropriate reconstructive microsurgery can improve the chances of spontaneous conception, but in cases where it is not possible IVF is the most appropriate solution.

  4. Factors related to the age of a woman:

    As the woman's age increases, her reproductive capacity decreases.

  5. Unexplained infertility (idiopathic):

    When modern methods of medicine can not diagnose a cause for it.