The Papanicolaou test or better known as a pap test is done for early detection of changes in the cervix, which can lead to a cancer event, which means regular pap testing is cancer prevention. Prevention is recommended to be done every 6 months. A completely painless method.
The procedure is as follows:
Using a sterile brush, a cervix smear is taken (the cervix). A glass pan is then sent to a cytological examination.
Cytology is a cell science, which implies that pathologists under the microscope of the lobe see changes in the cells. Any change in a particular cell associates to a particular specific diagnosis. With a pap test, diagnosed are infections and changes in cells, caused by viral aetiology, ie HPV virus, . HPV-type or bacterial viruses are not proven by a pap test, but with other trials (HPV typing and microbiological examinations).
Changes in the cells may be associated with mild, moderate, severe dysplasia, or in the worst case in cancers. Consequently, the following diagnoses are obtained:
ASCUS - atypical plaque cells
CIN1 - mild dysplasia
CIN2 - moderate dysplasia
CIN3 - severe dysplasia
Carcinoma in situ