This syndrome develops as a result of exogenous therapy with gonadotrophins and occurs in 1-5% of women treated in this way. The greatest risk factor for the development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is the PCO syndrome.
Symptoms of OHSS are:
- Pain in the lower part of the abdomen
- Nausea / vomiting
- Increase in body weight
The expression of the symptoms varies, can be easily or severely expressed.
In severe forms of OHSS, there is:
- Strong abdominal pain
- Distended abdomen
- Ascites (free fluid in the abdomen)
- Dyspnoea (difficulty breathing)
- Oliguria (reduced urine secretion)
The diagnosis is based on the above symptoms and the ultrasound findings of the enlarged ovary, with a multitude of follicular cysts, a free fluid in the abdomen.
Treatment depending on the severity of the symptoms may be outpatient or hospital.