Ureaplasma urealyticum is a bacterium that occurs naturally, even as part of the normal flora in men and women. It occurs in 70% of sexually active people. It is therefore not considered a classical sexually transmitted infection, although it can be transmitted through a sexual act. In some cases it can also be transmitted through a touch of nose or eyes of an infected person because it is transmitted through saliva and blood.
It is usually asymptomatic, ie without symptoms and therefore, according to medical studies, it is important to test for this bacterium annually. If symptoms occur, they include pain in the lower abdomen, pain in urination, unusual secretion, and bleeding from the urethra. Usually infection is detected when symptoms of other conditions occur, such as urethritis (urethral inflammation), epididymitis (inflammation of the testicles), redness and inflammation of the genitals with or without secretion.
If left untreated, infection can cause infertility, nonspecific urethritis, pneumonia, meningitis. It can spread to other parts of the body and cause damage to the joints, nerves and muscles. In women (the partner), except for the above conditions, pregnancy can cause premature birth and even death of the fetus.
However, due to frequent detection and low pathogenicity, the association of this microorganism with the listed serious conditions remains questionable.